Aside from the common cold and stomach bug, parents should add the term urinary tract infections (UTIs) to their shortlist of worrisome common illness, especially if they have daughters. To effectively treat urinary tract infections, pediatricians need accurate diagnosis and tailored therapy. Unfortunately, this information is often lacking. A recent survey of how healthcare providers diagnose and treat urinary infections in children, published in the journal Pediatrics, found that pediatricians, family doctors, and nurse practitioners treating children frequently do not order the necessary tests needed for accurate diagnosis and treatment. Experts recommend a course of antibiotics to treat a UTI, only after the child’s urine has been analysed and cultured. As it turns out, appropriate laboratory confirmation is only being done in about 50% of the time when various outpatient settings were analyzed. Antibiotics were being prescribed without knowing for sure that a child had a urinary tract infection. Amazing.